機經 | 12月9日雅思考試內容解析,聽力出現地圖題

          IELTS在線2020-10-07 11:37:31

          12月9日雅思考試內容回憶:聽力S2出現地圖題,讓很多考生措手不及,部分填空題難度也較高,提醒各位考生注重單詞拼寫的練習;閱讀文章兩舊一新,配對類題目較多,難度較大,詳細內容請參考正文:


          ?聽力?

          一、考試概述:

          本場考試采用的是20填空與20選擇類的題目,整體從題型來說難度適中。但是S2的地圖和選擇題容易讓考生措手不及,還有部分填空題的單詞難度較高。

          Section 1:求職——兼職工作,10筆記? ?

          Section 2:介紹——旅游展覽,6單選+4配對地圖

          Section 3:學生——三個人討論商業案例分析,6單選+4多選

          Section 4:學術講座-可可粉應用介紹,10筆記

          ? ?

          ?

          二、具體題目分析:

          Section 1

          新舊情況:14106

          場景: 求職——兼職工作

          題型:10筆記

          參考答案:

          1-10)筆記完成題


          ?(答案僅供參考)

          解析: 常見的兼職場景,只是有部分詞匯如variable拼寫可能會有考生不熟悉,定位需要通過橫縱軸綜合定位。

          參考練習: C9T3S1


          ?

          Section 2

          新舊情況:11206

          場景:介紹——旅游展覽

          題型: 6單選+4配對地圖

          11-16)? Multiple choices

          11. the topic of Manwell Lo (event manager)is:

          A. staff

          B. public

          C. journalist

          ?

          12. When was the travel show first held?

          A. 1884

          B. 1928

          C. 1949

          ?

          13. How many attendants expected to be this year?

          A. 12000

          B. 15000

          C. 17000

          ?

          14. What exhibition Will be held?

          A. cookery

          B. music

          C. photograph exhibition

          ?

          15. What does Tom talk about?

          A. the Nile River

          B. Sahara desert

          C. the Andes mountain

          ?

          16. the winner of competition could be provided with?

          A. free ticket to art festival

          B. shopping voucher

          C. free ticket to a park

          ?

          17-20) map matching

          17. tour operator F

          18. air lines H

          19. cook demonstrate A

          20. India stand B

          ?

          ?(答案僅供參考)

          解析:出現了全單選+配對類的地圖題,整體難度本身不低。

          參考練習:C11T2S2


          ?

          Section 3

          新舊情況: 10333

          場景: 學生——三個人討論商業案例分析

          題型:6單選+4多選

          參考答案:

          21-26) multiple choices

          21. What do both of them agree about Reconstruction?

          Traditional definition is strictly narrow

          ?

          22. many failed business practices are:

          C. don’t know current position

          ?

          23. They must finish assignment this week because they have a lot of works to do last week

          It is time to reconstruct

          ?

          24. Why the male recommends the book to Sue?

          B. good for group discussion

          C. structure is very clear

          ?

          25. What did the mail emailed to Sue

          B. to set up a model to do research

          ?

          26. Why Tom and Sue chose little company to research on re-branding

          A. there are plenty of small companies locally

          ?

          27-30)多選

          27-28) What about the reconstruction for the ice-cream company?

          A.???? Spend too much on its logo

          B.????? Logo is not too colorful

          C.????? Price rise too high

          D.???? Taste differently

          E.????? Too new for customer to accept

          ?

          29-30) what about the failure of a car wash company?

          A.???? Choose a wrong location

          B.????? Price is too high

          C.????? 待補充

          D.???? 待補充

          E.????? 待補充

          F.????? Doing market research in a wrong place

          ?

          解析:和劍10T2S3很像的一篇,整體難度偏高

          參考練習:C10T2S3


          ?

          Section 4

          版本號:11426

          場景: 學術講座-可可粉應用介紹

          題型:10筆記

          參考答案:

          31. 16th century: be used as money

          32. 17th century: be processed as liquid

          33. 18th century: Americans added sugar into chocolate

          34. 19th century: researchers found it has impact on person’s mood

          35. the top export to country Italy

          36. Sold in chocolate bar stored in stone tanks

          37. Shops or factories in farms of different sizes vary

          38. And choose Africa because of cheaper labor

          39. It’s important to local economy in Africa

          40. Choose the site which is near the coast area of good.

          ?

          (答案僅供參考)

          擴展練習:全填空的一篇S4,一些單詞如liquid,coast

          解析:C8T1S4

          ?


          ?閱讀?

          一、? 考試概述:

          本次考試的文章兩篇舊題一篇新題,第一篇是諾貝爾的人物傳記,第二篇是講了一種叫howler的猴子的生活習性,第三篇是講澳大利亞博物館的特點,題目方面難度較大的List of Headings沒有出題,但是其它配對題出題量較大共15道題目,對考生的做題速度要求還是比較高的。


          二、具體題目分析

          Passage 1:

          題目:Alfred Nobel

          題型:判斷題6 +填空題7

          新舊程度:舊題

          文章大意:講了Alfred Nobel的生平以及他一生做的貢獻

          ?

          參考文章:

          Alfred Nobel

          The man behind the Nobel Prize


          A Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been honoring men and women from all comers of the globe for outstanding achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and for work in peace. The foundations for the prize were laid in 1895 when Alfred Nobel wrote his lost will, leaving much of his wealth to the establishment of the Nobel Prize.

          ?

          B Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm on October 21. 1833. His father Immanuel Nobel was an engineer and inventor who built bridges and buildings in Stockholm. In connection with his construction work Immanuel Nobel also experimented with different techniques for blasting rocks. Successful in his industrial and business ventures, Immanuel Nobel was able, in 1842, to bring his family to St. Petersburg. There, his sons were given a first class education by private teachers. The training included natural sciences, languages and literature. By the age of 17 Alfred Nobel was fluent in Swedish, Russian, French, English and German. His primary interests were in English literature and poetry as well as in chemistry and physics. Alfred's father, who wanted his sons to join his enterprise as engineers, disliked Alfred's interest in poetry and found his son rather introverted.

          ?

          C In order to widen Alfred's horizons his father sent him abroad for further training in chemical engineering. During a two year period Alfred Nobel visited Sweden, Germany. France and the United States. In Paris, the city he came to like best, he worked in the private laboratory of Professor T. J. Pelouze, a famous chemist. There he met the young Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrero who, three years earlier, had invented nitroglycerine, a highly explosive liquid. But it was considered too dangerous to be of any practical use. Although its explosive power greatly exceeded that of gunpowder, the liquid would explode in a very unpredictable manner if subjected to heat and pressure. Alfred Nobel became very interested in nitroglycerine and how it could be put to practical use in construction work. He also realized that the safety problems had to be solved and a method had to be developed for the controlled detonation of nitroglycerine.

          ?

          D After his return to Sweden in 1863, Alfred Nobel concentrated on developing nitroglycerine as an explosive. Several explosions, including one (1864) in which his brother Kmil and several other persons were killed, convinced the authorities that nitroglycerine production was exceedingly dangerous. They forbade further experimentation with nitroglycerine within the Stockholm city limits and Alfred Nobel had to move his experimentation to a barge anchored on Lake Malaren. Alfred was not discouraged and in 1864 he was able to start mass production of nitroglycerine. To make the handling of nitroglycerine safer Alfred Nobel experimented with different additives. He soon found that mixing nitroglycerine with kieselguhr would turn the liquid into a paste which could be shaped into rods of a size and form suitable for insertion into drilling holes. In 1867 he patented this material under die name of dynamite. To be able to detonate the dynamite rods he also invented a detonator (blasting cap) which could be ignited by lighting a fuse. These inventions were made at the same time as the pneumatic drill came into general use. Together these inventions drastically reduced the cost of blasting rock, drilling tunnels, building canals and many other forms of construction work.

          ?

          E The market for dynamite and detonating caps grew very rapidly and Alfred Nobel also proved himself to be a very skillful entrepreneur and businessman. Over the years he founded factories and laboratories in some 90 different places in more than 20 countries. Although he lived in Paris much of his life he was constantly traveling. When he was not traveling or engaging in business activities Nobel himself worked intensively in his various laboratories, first in Stockholm and later in other places. He focused on the development of explosives technology as well as other chemical inventions, including such materials as synthetic rubber and leather, artificial silk, etc. By the time of his death in 18% he had 355 patents.

          ?

          F Intensive work and travel did not leave much time for a private life. At the age of 43 he was feeling like an old man. At this time he advertised in a newspaper “Wealthy, highly-educated elder gentleman seeks lady of mature age, versed in languages, as secretary and supervisor of household." The most qualified applicant turned out to be an Austrian woman. Countess Bertha Kinsky. After working a very short time for Nobel she decided to return to Austria to marry Count Arthur von Suttner. In spite of this Alfred Nobel and Bertha von Suttner remained friends and kept writing letters to each other for decades. Over the years Bertha von Suttner became increasingly critical of the arms race. She wrote a famous book, Lay Down Your Arms and became a prominent figure in the peace movement. No doubt this influenced Alfred Nobel when he wrote his final will which was to include a Prize for persons or organizations who promote peace. Several years after the death of Alfred Nobel, the Norwegian Storting (Parliament) decided to award the 1905 Nobel Peace Prize to Bertha von Suttner.

          ?

          G Alfred Nobel died in San Remo, Italy, on December 10, 1896. When his will was opened it came as a surprise that his fortune was to be used for Prizes in Physics, Chemistry. Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace. The executors of his will were two young engineers, Ragnar Sohlman and Rudolf Lilljequist. They set about forming the Nobel Foundation as an organization to take care of the financial assets left by Nobel for this purpose and to coordinate the work of the Prize-Awarding Institutions. This was not without its difficulties since the will was contested by relatives and questioned by authorities in various countries.

          ?

          H Alfred Nobel's greatness lay in his ability to combine the penetrating mind of the scientist and inventor with the forward-looking dynamism of the industrialist. Nobel was very interested in social and peace-related issues and held what were considered radical views in his era. He had a great interest in literature and wrote his own poetry and dramatic works. The Nobel Prizes became an extension d a fulfillment of his lifetime interests.


          參考答案:

          判斷題:

          1. The first Nobel Prize was awarded in 1895. FALSE

          2. Nobel's father wanted his son to have better education than what he had had. NOT GIVEN

          3. Nobel was an unsuccessful businessman. FALSE

          4. Bertha von Suttner?was selected by Nobel himself for the first peace prize. FALSE

          5. The Nobel Foundation was established after the death of Nobel. TRUE

          6. Nobel's social involvement was uncommon in the 1800’s. TRUE


          填空題:

          7. chemical engineering

          8. Ascanio Sobrero

          9. gunpowder

          10. Stockholm

          11. detonator

          12. pneumatic drill

          13. cost

          (答案僅供參考)

          ?

          Passage 2:

          題目: The return of howlers

          題型:段落細節配對4+填空題4+地點配對題5

          新舊程度:舊題

          文章大意:本文講了猴子因為某些原因逐漸消失,人們采取措施后猴子的數量又慢慢增加,特別是一種叫howler的種類,并描述了它的特點和生活習性。

          參考文章:

          A

          AS AN EAST WIND blasts through a gap in the Cordillera de Tilaran, a rugged mountain range that splits northern Costa Rica in half, a female mantled howler monkey moves through the swaying trees of the forest canopy.

          B

          Ken Glander,a primatologist from Duke University, gazes into the canopy, tracking the female's movements. Holding a dart gun, he waits with infinite patience for the right moment to shoot. With great care, Glander aims and fires. Hit in the rump, the monkey wobbles. This howler belongs to a population that has lived for decades at Hacienda La Pacifica, a working cattle ranch in Guanacaste province. Other native primates — white-faced capuchin monkeys and spider monkeys — once were common in this area, too, but vanished after the Pan-American Highway was built nearby in the 1950s. Most of the surrounding land was clear-cut for pasture.

          C

          Howlers persist at La Pacifica, Glander explains, because they are leaf-eaters. They eat fruit, when it’s available but, unlike capuchin and spider monkeys, do not depend on large areas of fruiting trees. Howlers can survive anyplace you have half a dozen trees, because their eating habits are so flexible,’,he says. In forests, life is an arms race between trees and the myriad creatures that feed on leaves. Plants have evolved a variety of chemical defenses, ranging from bad-tasting tannins, which bind with plant-produced nutrients, rendering them indigestible, to deadly poisons, such as alkaloids and cyanide.

          D

          All primates, including humans, have some ability to handle plant toxins. “We can detoxify a dangerous poison known as caffeine, which is deadly to a lot of animals:" Glander says. For leaf-eaters, long-term exposure to a specific plant toxin can increase their ability to defuse the poison and absorb the leaf nutrients. The leaves that grow in regenerating forests, like those at La Pacifica, are actually more howler friendly than those produced by the undisturbed, centuries-old trees that survive farther south, in the Amazon Basin. In younger forests, trees put most of their limited energy into growing wood, leaves and fruit, so they produce much lower levels of toxin than do well- established, old-growth trees.

          E

          The value of maturing forests to primates is a subject of study at Santa Rosa National Park, about 35 miles northwest of Hacienda La Pacifica. The park hosts populations not only of mantled howlers but also of white-faced capuchins and spider monkeys. Yet the forests there are young, most of them less than 50 years old. Capuchins were the first to begin using the reborn forests, when the trees were as young as 14 years. Howlers, larger and heavier than capuchins, need somewhat older trees, with limbs that can support their greater body weight. A working ranch at Hacienda La Pacifica also explain their population boom in Santa Rosa. “Howlers are more resilient than capuchins and spider monkeys for several reasons,” Fedigan explains. “They can live within a small home range, as long as the trees have the right food for them. Spider monkeys, on the other hand, occupy a huge home range, so they can’t make it in fragmented habitat.”

          F

          Howlers also reproduce faster than do other monkey species in the area. Capuchins don’t bear their first young until about 7 years old, and spider monkeys do so even later, but howlers give birth for the first time at about 3.5 years of age. Also, while a female spider monkey will have a baby about once every four years, well-fed howlers can produce an infant every two years.

          G

          The leaves howlers eat hold plenty of water, so the monkeys can survive away from open streams and water holes. This ability gives them a real advantage over capuchin and spider monkeys, which have suffered during the long, ongoing drought in Guanacaste.

          H

          Growing human population pressures in Central and South America have led to persistent destruction of forests. During the 1990s, about 1.1 million acres of Central American forest were felled yearly. Alejandro Estrada, an ecologist at Estacion de Biologia Los Tuxtlas in Veracruz, Mexico, has been exploring how monkeys survive in a landscape increasingly shaped by humans. He and his colleagues recently studied the ecology of a group of mantled howler monkeys that thrive in a habitat completely altered by humans: a cacao plantation in Tabasco, Mexico. Like many varieties of coffee, cacao plants need shade to grow, so 40 years ago the landowners planted fig, monkey pod and other tall trees to form a protective canopy over their crop. The howlers moved in about 25 years ago after nearby forests were cut. This strange habitat, a hodgepodge of cultivated native and exotic plants, seems to support about as many monkeys as would a same-sized patch of wild forest. The howlers eat the leaves and fruit of the shade trees, leaving the valuable cacao pods alone, so the farmers tolerate them.

          I

          Estrada believes the monkeys bring underappreciated benefits to such farms, dispersing the seeds of fig and other shade trees and fertilizing the soil with feces. He points out that howler monkeys live in shade coffee and cacao plantations in Nicaragua and Costa Rica as well as in Mexico. Spider monkeys also forage in such plantations, though they need nearby areas of forest to survive in the long term. He hopes that farmers will begin to see the advantages of associating with wild monkeys, which includes potential ecotourism projects.

          J

          "Conservation is usually viewed as a conflict between agricultural practices and the need to preserve nature, “ Estrada says. ''We 're moving away from that vision and beginning to consider ways in which agricultural activities may become a tool for the conservation of primates in human-modified landscapes. “

          ?

          參考答案:

          段落細節配對:

          14. C

          15. G

          16. C

          17. B

          填空題:

          18. reproduction

          19. fruit

          20. toxins

          21. drought

          地點配對:

          22. B

          23. A

          24. C

          25. B

          26. A

          (文章及答案僅供參考)


          ?

          Passage 3:

          題名:The refreshing of art museum

          題型:單選題4+判斷題4+句首句尾配對題6

          新舊程度:新題

          文章大意:澳大利亞國家博物館NVG的整修前后的特點

          參考文章:

          暫無


          參考答案:

          單選題:

          27. D

          28. B

          29. C

          30. B

          判斷題:

          31. NO

          32. NO

          33. NOT GIVEN

          34. NOT GIVEN

          35. YES

          句首句尾配對題:

          36. F

          37. E

          38. C

          39. B

          40. D

          (答案僅供參考)



          ?寫作?


          Writing Task 1?

          The bar charts show the average retirement age in 6 countries in 2004 and 2008. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

          ?

          The bar charts present the change of time when people retire in 6 different countries in two years.

          It is noticeable that male’s retirement age rose in the four years in all countries, among which Netherlands and Sweden witnessed a relatively considerable rise, while the rest of countries increased slightly. The male Swedish and Dutchmen retired at the latest age of 70 and 65, whereas male Germans and Italians enjoyed their retirement much earlier( 48 versus 50).

          The retirement age for the female also experienced a rise in most of the countries, with Italy being the only exception, whose female citizens can retire five years earlier in 2008. The Swedish females also had the latest retirement age(almost to 70), followed by Spain and Netherland. By comparison, the Italian and Germany females could retire from their work when they were in middle age.

          Overall, the males retire later than females in most countries, although people of different genders in Italy and Germany retire at the same age.

          ?


          Writing Task 2

          題目類別:社會類

          提問方式:報告類

          考試題目:?

          A rise in standard of living in a country only ? seems to benefit cities rather than rural areas. What problems might this difference cause? How might these problems be solved?

          ? ?

          參考范文(Word Count: 269)?

          Nowadays, fast economic development has led to the rising standard of living in a country, which then brings a lot of benefits to the country’s economy in return. However, this phenomenon seems to be more beneficial for cities but not rural areas. In the following paragraphs, problems caused by this phenomenon and solutions to these problems will be discussed.

          ?

          Because of the huge differences between cities and rural areas, a large amount of rural population has moved to cities to have a better life, causing cities become increasingly crowded. A further dire consequence is that the relatively less educated migrants from rural area will cluster in certain blocks in cities, bringing about some security issues or even some crimes. ?Apart from this, that people move to cities also results in a lack of labour of rural areas, which then has a bad influence on the local economic development and give rise to more imbalance between these two areas.

          ?

          To solve the problems mentioned above, more job opportunities should be created in order to let rural people have a higher income and be able to consume so as to contribute to the local economic development. This could be done by investing more projects in the rural areas by the government, such as supporting the development of local tourism.

          ?

          In conclusion, the trend that cities are getting more benefits from the rising living standard in a country has enlarged gaps between urban and rural areas, followed by other related problems. In order to solve this problem, more attention is supposed to shifted to the? employment and development of the rural areas.

          ?


          ?口語?

          一、考試整體概述:

          以下為12月份本場高頻題,請考生扎實準備

          1. Describe someone who is?knowledgeable.?

          2. Describe a rule at your school that you agree or disagree

          3. Describe an activity you do to keep fit

          4. Describe?a?car journey you went on?

          5. Describe an experience that you taught something. ? ?


          9-12月雅思口語題庫

          完整版 | 9-12月雅思口語題庫-Part 1

          完整版 | 9-12月雅思口語題庫-Part2&3(上)

          完整版 | 9-12月雅思口語題庫-Part2&3(下)


          二、本場難題及解析

          Describe an activity you do to keep fit.

          You should say

          • What the activity

          • When, where you usually do it

          • How you do it

          • And explain why it can keep you fit

          ?

          Speaking of an activity I do to keep fit, the first place that bumped into my mind is that I swim once a week, because swimming pool is near my home and I can go swimming anytime I want. When I was a child, my father taught me how to swim and I tried different kinds of position, such as freestyle and butterfly stork. At first time, I was so scared, but my father encouraged me and I gradually tried my best to learn it. However, I really wanted to give up and I was not good at sports, so my father told me that swimming was a good way to keep fit and swimming can burn calories. More importantly, if I fell into the water, it would keep me alive. Then, I got hang of it. Nowadays, I swim almost every week and it will cost me a lot of energy to swim. Now, I am slim because of swimming. Even though I am busy with my study, I still keep the habit of swimming.

          ?


          遺失的美好

          2018年澳大利亞研究生申請雅思成績要求

          這1200個雅思聽力高頻詞匯,你都掌握了嗎?

          雅思寫作口語成績偏低?因為你并沒有掌握學術英語的要求.

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